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Eggleston, J. D. (Joseph Dupuy), 1867-1953



  • Existence: 1867 - 1953

Biographical Note

Joseph D. Eggleston was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, in 1867. He attended college at Hampden-Sydney College, completing his degree in 1886. He taught at schools in several southern states before becoming the superintendent in Asheville, North Carolina in 1891 and later superintendent of schools in Farmville, Virginia. During his tenure as state Superintendent of Public Instruction (1906-1912), he worked hard for improvements in rural schools. In January of 1913, he began work with the Field Service in Rural Education in the US Office of Education. The same year, he resigned to take the post of VPI President (1913-1919).

Eggleston became the seventh president of Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI) in 1913. His six-year administration was most notably marked by the development of the agricultural extension program at VPI. In 1914, the Agricultural Extension Division was established. The Virginia General Assembly transferred control of agricultural demonstration work to VPI, so the Home Demonstration program began in 1915. Much of Eggleston's presidential tenure was during the years of World War I. The college became a training school for both the army and navy during this time. A Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program was established at VPI in 1916. In January 1919, the college was designated by the War Department as one of twelve "Distinguished Colleges" in the nation for its contribution to the war effort. In 1919, Eggleston left VPI for the Presidency of his alma mater, Hampden-Sydney College. He served there from 1919 to 1939. Eggleston died in Farmville, Virginia, in 1953.

Found in 2 Collections and/or Records:

Joseph D. Eggleston Collection

Identifier: Ms-2009-128

The collection contains publications and pamphlets authored by or including articles authored by and about Joseph D. Eggleston. Materials relate to Eggleston's tenure with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Hampden-Sydney College, as well as local religious and social causes. Several of the articles contain Eggleston's marginalia.

Dates: 1896-1949, n.d.; Majority of material found within 1905 - 1920

Records of the Office of the President, Joseph Dupuy Eggleston

 Record Group
Identifier: RG-02-07
Scope and Content The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence (1913-1919) including letters to and from state and national political figures; correspondence signed by Eggleston as Acting Director of the Extension Division (1913-1916); correspondence between Eggleston and principals, board members and others of various agricultural high schools relating to financial requests, personnel, etc. (1916-1919); correspondence with county agents and state and national personnel connected with agricultural...
Dates: 1900 - 1948; Majority of material found within ( 1913-1919)