William "Billy" McDuffie Collection
Scope and Content
This collection contains a Carte de Visite photograph, a letter from Arthur Elmore to Grace Elmore, the envelope that the letter was sent in, and a transcript of the letter. The photograph depicts William "Billy" McDuffie, an enslaved individual that was taken to war by the Elmore family. The letter was written to update Grace Elmore on Arthur, William, and "Cousin Ben’s" current locations, and to update her on "Cousin Ben" and William’s recovery. Arthur also mentions the snowy weather in the letter and that he had not yet received blankets that his mother had sent him. The envelope that the letter was sent in indicates that the letter was sent from the Tudor Hall post office in Manassas, Virginia, and was received on December 8, 1861. The envelope also includes a "DUE 10" stamp which indicates that the postage was to be paid by the recipient of the letter.
- 1861, n. d.
Language of Materials
The materials in the collection are in English.
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use
The copyright status of this collection is unknown. Copyright restrictions may apply. Contact Special Collections and University Archives for assistance in determining the use of these materials.
Reproduction or digitization of materials for personal or research use can be requested using our reproduction/digitization form: http://bit.ly/scuareproduction.
Reproduction or digitization of materials for publication or exhibit use can be requested using our publication/exhibition form: http://bit.ly/scuapublication. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives (email@example.com or 540-231-6308) if you need assistance with forms or to submit a completed form.
William "Billy" Mcduffie was an enslaved person during and prior to the American Civil War. During the war, McDuffie most likely served as a cook or a body servant. Biographical materials that accompanied the collection included an excerpt from his obituary, which ran in the Athens Daily Banner on May 28, 1901, and is included below. The biographical materials also mention that William McDuffie formerly enslaved by Governor George McDuffie of South Carolina and that he "served as a valet to the family of a prominent South Carolina politician and banker, Frank H. Elmore".
"He went as a drummer to the Seminole war in 1836, to the Mexican war, and to the civil war. He volunteered to go to Cuba .. . . He was a courier on the staff of Governor Mcsweeney and an honorary sergeant in a local white military company. He brought back General Pierce Butler's body from Mexico and General Bragg's back from Fredricksburg. . . . [He] beat the muffled drum at [John C.] Calhoun's funeral. He was buried ... with military honors."
0.1 Cubic Feet (1 folder)
This collection contains a Carte de Visite photograph of William "Billy" McDuffie, a letter from Arthur Elmore to his sister Grace Elmore, and the envelope that it was sent in. This collection also contains a transcript of the letter.
Source of Acquisition
The William "Billy" McDuffie Collection was purchased by Special Collections and University Archives in February 2018.
Rights Statement for Archival Description
The guide to the William "Billy" McDuffie Collection by Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech, is licensed under a CC0 (https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/public-domain/cc0/).
The processing, arrangement, and description of the William "Billy" McDuffie Collection was completed in May 2023.
- William "Billy" McDuffie Collection, 1861, n. d.
- Tyler Williams, Student Assistant
- 2023 (CC0 1.0)
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Special Collections and University Archives, Virginia Tech Repository
Special Collections and University Archives, University Libraries (0434)
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Newman Library, Virginia Tech
Blacksburg Virginia 24061 US